Carrier OSS/BSS Upgrade: Dial “B” For Blockchain

Telecom carriers have operated with antiquated backoffice systems for too long while struggling to automate cost reconciliation and financial assurance. The result is overlooked claims, time-intensive disputes, accrual mishaps, and revenue blockage. The reactive patchwork method of approaching change by layering swivel-chair fixes to processes and systems creates new problems. The financial, operational, and emotional impacts on all parties dealing with issues stemming from this environment constrict growth.

It’s not a shock to anyone in the telecom industry; the current telecom ordering, billing, and dispute environments are antiquated and inefficient. Some of the inefficiencies are a byproduct of today’s legacy telecom systems that were built to invoice and service Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) based services. Additionally, the software community that built out the billing practices and procedures for the TDM network were focused on data elements that correlated to the technology at that time, for instance, switched access, special access, and private line services. Finally, federal and state legislative groups regulated TDM products, streamlined rates, and managed supporting tariffs.

Simply put, new 4th generation carrier technologies do not fit into the same legacy telecom network design. However, carriers keep trying to include these new technologies in billing and ordering systems that were not designed to accommodate them. Ethernet and voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) products, which have contractual pricing, are largely unregulated, adding further complexity.

The lack of regulation has created a considerable disparity across carriers and their products, from both a pricing and billing practices perspective. Product naming conventions no longer adhere to tariffed requirements, services are ordered from individual contracts (which are subject to frequent change), and all left to a human being to discern. These inefficiencies can largely be resolved by instituting smart bilaterals and omnilaterals.

The blockchain advantage for carriers

The telecom industry must shed the inefficiencies of today’s legacy OSS/BSS systems. To alleviate present-day operational issues, the successful future of the telecom business must incorporate the functional layers of a blockchain architecture. Those carriers who embrace blockchain technology will have a first-mover advantage and can strategically depart from a reactive mode and move into a proactive method to address change and complexity—two constants in the industry.

At its core, blockchain is an electronic system for managing distributed databases or ledgers, which are then shared across participant-approved network nodes. For example, carriers can leverage a blockchain solution to issue, rate, and validate real-time orders while sending rated orders to the blockchain ledger Diode-Transistor Logic (DLT) for mutual endorsement or approval. In addition, a blockchain approach can systematically identify and correct order errors to eliminate costly back billing, future disputes, claims, and improve mean time to revenue.

Not only does blockchain have a transformative impact on order and invoice validation, but it also imparts similar efficiencies when applied to trouble ticket management and service-level agreement enforcement. Standard performance metrics are registered, commitments monitored, and corresponding claims issued in an automated fashion. This service level analysis results in tens of millions of dollars in annual savings for some of the largest carriers in the world today.

In addition to the advantages of blockchain mentioned above, legacy systems such as Graphical User Interfaces (GUI) and Electronic Data Interchanges (EDI) can be eliminated as orders are transacted via blockchain. The demands on staff from provisioning and client care to accounting diminish as systems are eliminated. Finally, immutable data ensures no human intervention is required to support order and payment processing. Security concerns are greatly reduced with blockchain. Gone are the days of orders being processed online via a portal with shared passwords. Billing data is no longer accessible through a shared online environment and bypasses potentially being mishandled.

Finally, carriers can now rapidly scale their order capabilities because the technology allows for a distributed and decentralized architecture.

Blockchain advantages for the telecom industry are clear; it brings a distribution model and node scalability as well as:

  • Immutability. Once data is stored, it cannot be modified or altered.
  • Transparency. Participants in the blockchain have access to all data points.
  • Efficiency. Paper order forms, GUI, and EDI considerations are retired, and all order activity between the parties is transacted via the blockchain
  • Security. Utilizes private and public keys and cryptography hashing to encrypt the transacted data.
  • Decentralization. Cryptographic hashing allows for limitless transactions as large order volumes can resolve back to one hash.

Actualizing a blockchain for telecom solution

Blockchain solutions can simplify complex and antiquated business operations, to align intercarrier business models more closely to their true purpose—that is, the interoperability of networks to facilitate the global economy.

At its highest level, implementing a blockchain solution starts with network inventory and establishes selected benchmarks. Next, carriers can identify an ordering solution that offers a single pane of glass to centralize Access Service Request (ASR) and Local Service Request (LSR) activity. Finally, with benchmarks and a single pane of glass, carriers can tie order activity to governing, immutable smart contracts. Below is a wellthought- out approach to carrier blockchain implementation:

Phase I – Create a technology-based framework to attain operational efficiencies, mitigate dispute and accrual issues, and validate and rate the carrier’s embedded base by:

  • Cataloging and reviewing historical circuit orders.
  • Codifying every contract and tariff order carriers conduct.
  • Conduct a historical audit to identify savings that can be reallocated to dramatically reduce or even eliminate the financial impact of a blockchain deployment.

Phase II – Utilize rating logic created in Phase I to rate and validate orders in near real-time to mitigate billing and accrual issues and to optimize orders proactively. Phase II operational efficiencies include:

  • Reducing order entry errors.
  • Simplifying audit and dispute processes.
  • Identifying potential back billing for accruals.

Phase III – Demonstrate operational efficiencies gain, such as:

  • Positive impact on gross margin and mean time to revenue.
  • Retire or decrease costs associated with legacy systems.
  • Streamline staff and processes.
  • A clean slate of accruals, such as elimination of future back billing.

The future of blockchain technology for telecom

The telecom industry has been at the forefront of technological and economic advances since its inception; however, by today’s standards, it is a laggard to modern business in day-to-day operations. Blockchain solutions have proven a viable option to simplify the complex and evolving carrier services environment in a way that allows for accuracy, savings, trust, and transparency in each business exchange.

Carriers must formulate standards to pave the way for mass blockchain adoption. Many domestic and international carriers are operating nodes on the W3C Abstract Decentralized identifier (DID) standards-based Integrated Trust Network (ITN). MEF has also published the industry’s first standard for the telecom industry’s use of blockchain, which defines smart bilateral and omnilateral.

With blockchain integration, carriers can modernize with blockchain solutions and recapture their forward-looking persona.

About the Author

April Taylor serves as the Senior Vice President of Blockchain for Sage Management and has over 20 years of telecom experience. As SVP of Blockchain, Ms. Taylor has helped clients create an accurate rated inventory, execute real time rated ordering, develop smart contracts for blockchain, and implement optimal pricing resulting in over $2.5B in realized savings. She is a subject matter expert on telecommunications ordering, billing, network inventory, contracts, and blockchain subjects. Ms. Taylor double majored in Finance and Accounting at Virginia Tech and started her career as a Systems Analyst for the Department of Defense. During her time at Sage, she has held telecom financial analyst and director of blockchain positions, where she successfully identified and negotiated over $250M in telecommunications disputes across all global products and services and has implemented blockchain solutions for global telecommunications carriers.

About Sage Management

Sage is the only telecom auditing and blockchain firm trusted by the world’s largest carriers, US federal agencies, and large enterprise markets. Sage began in the carrier space in 2004 auditing off-net invoices for AT&T, Lumen, and Verizon, as well as many other carriers. Sage has conducted audits for over 100 of the Fortune 1000, resulting in both material savings and accurate network inventories for industry leaders globally. Over the course of our 18-year history, Sage has saved its clients over $4B and now works with the largest global telecommunications carriers on blockchain solutions enabling organizations to streamline their ordering, billing and dispute processes. For additional information, visit www.sagemi.com.